This study deals with the design and development of a machine (robot) to detect and avoid obstacle during motion. The objective is to use appropriate hardware and software to develop a robot for consistent motion, identification of obstacles and detection of safe route to maneuver during the motion. The preferred hardware for this system is Arduino Micro-controller and the software component is a program in C compiler.
The hardware component required for the system to operate is the Arduino UNO microcontroller and the L298N Motor Driver. The schematic diagram of the Arduino UNO is shown below.
From analysis of the functional and non-functional requirements, the following use case diagram demonstrates the core functionality of the robot.